Surrogacy Q & A
by Sam Najmabadi, MD
What is a Gestational Surrogacy?
During gestational surrogacy, the intended mother and father provide egg and sperm which are fertilized using IVF then transferred to another woman for gestation. This form of surrogacy may be needed by women who have been diagnosed with a uterine factor or have medical contraindications to pregnancy. Gay couples will need a surrogate and donor eggs. The surrogate can be a friend or family member to help, which can be controversial while others may find that an existing relationship may be easier to manage. Others may use a service to find a willing surrogate. All surrogates are thoroughly screened with physical exams, drug screening, psychological and emotional testing, and reproductive health testing.
What is traditional surrogacy?
In traditional surrogacy, the egg is provided by the surrogate and the sperm is provided by the intended father. The child is only genetically related to the father, and once the baby is born, the surrogate turns the baby over to the intended parents and signs away all parental rights. This form of surrogacy is useful when the intended mother is unable to provide viable eggs or a healthy womb for gestational development.
Why would patients choose surrogacy?
Surrogacy may be appropriate for women with physical or medical conditions which make it dangerous or impossible to get pregnant or to give birth. For example, women who have suffered multiple miscarriages or repeated failed IVF treatments may consider surrogacy. Also, women who do not have a uterus, or have a malformed uterus may consider this option.
How is a surrogate found?
Dr. Najmabadi has been helping his patients build their families for a long time and has many contacts within the fertility treatment field including surrogacy agencies. He will assist the intended parents to find potential surrogates and choose the person they feel best able to help build the family. Any patients who want more information on surrogacy services should make an appointment with Dr. Najmabadi at the Center for Reproductive Health & Gynecology to discuss the options available.